KAUFMANN CONSULTANTS job as your professional home inspector is to alert you to unknown problems
in your prospective new house. The home inspection is not a health or environmental hazard
inspection. The KAUFMANN CONSULTANTS
home inspection is a non-invasive visual inspection of your prospective new house systems and not potential health or
environmental hazards. While we may be able to alert you to possible problems, our basic inspections are no substitute for
specialized contaminant testing. If there is concern regarding health and environmental issues, contact specialists in the
appropriate fields. Common areas of concern include;For FAQs about asbestos, click here!
is a mineral fiber that can be positively identified only with a special type of microscope. There are several types of asbestos
fibers. In the past, asbestos was added to many products to strengthen them and provide fire resistance and heat insulation.
If disturbed, asbestos material may release asbestos fibers which can be inhaled into the lungs. Asbestos material that crumbles
easily if handled or which has been scraped, sawed, or sanded into a powder is more likely to create a health hazard. Breathing
high levels of asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma (cancer of lining of chest and abdominal
cavity), and asbestosis (lungs scarred with the tissue). Houses built between 1930 and 1950 may have asbestos insulation.
Most of today’s products do not contain asbestos. If asbestos material is more than slightly damaged or you plan changes
that might disturb it, you require a professional for repair and removal. Before home remodeling, find out if asbestos is
from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Asbestos and Vermiculite.”
LEADFor FAQs about lead, click here!
Lead is a highly toxic metal
used for many years in products in and around homes. Lead’s adverse health effects range from behavioral problems and
learning disabilities to seizures and death. Because their bodies are growing quickly, children age 6 and under are at greatest
risk. Primary sources of lead exposure for children are deteriorating lead-based paint, lead-contaminated dust, and lead-contaminated
residential soil. Lead might be present in any home built up until the 1940s. Rarely found in source water, lead can enter
tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, joints, and
solder. New homes are also at risk: even legally “lead-free” pipes can contain up to 8 percent lead and leave
significant amounts of lead in the water for the first several months after installation. Since the 1980s, EPA and its federal
partners have banned or limited lead used in consumer products, including residential paint. Federal regulations limiting
the amount of lead in paint sold for residential use started in 1978. If your property was built before 1978 or you are considering
remodeling, renovating, or repair, you may wish to think about lead inspection. Water quality can be compromised by such other
trace elements as iron, excess acidity, manganese, calcium, magnesium, mineral salts, hydrogen sulfide, selenium, chromium,
arsenic, mercury, and cadmium.
Excerpts from U.S. Department of Environmental Protection, “Lead in Paint, Dust, and Soil.”
For FAQs about mold, click here!
Mold (fungi) is present everywhere,
indoors and outdoors. There are more than 100,000 species of mold, at least 1,000 of which are common in America. Species
of Cladosporium, Penicillium, and Aspergillus are some of the most commonly found species. Mold most likely grows in bathrooms,
basements, and anywhere else where there is dampness or water. Many types of mold routinely encountered aren’t hazardous
to healthy individuals. Too much exposure to mold may cause a worsening of such conditions as asthma, hay fever, or other
allergies. Fevers and breathing problems in a vulnerable individual are possible but unusual. When moldy material becomes
damaged or disturbed, spores, which are reproductive bodies similar to seeds, can be released into the air. Exposure can occur
if people inhale the spores, directly handle moldy material, or accidentally ingest the spores. Since all molds need water
to grow, mold can grow almost anywhere where there is high humidity, dampness, or water damage. Most often molds are confined
to areas near the water source. Removing the source of moisture through repairs or dehumidification is crucial in preventing
mold growth. Correcting underlying water damage and cleaning the affected area is the best way to treat mold. If mold contamination
is extensive, a professional abatement company may be needed.
Excerpts from The New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene,
Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology, “Facts About Mold.”
For FAQs about radon, click here!
Radon is a radioactive gaseous
element produced in the disintegration of radium, a radioactive metallic element. It cannot be detected by the senses and
can be confirmed only by sophisticated instruments and laboratory tests. The gas enters a house through pores and cracks in
the concrete or through floorboards of poorly ventilated crawlspaces, especially when wet ground allows the gas to escape
easily through the soil and disperse in the atmosphere. Radon is a lung carcinogen: the National Academy of Sciences estimates
radon causes some 15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer deaths annually. The U.S. Surgeon General and the EPA recommend all houses
be tested for radon. KAUFMANN CONSULTANTS can provide
testing for radon. Houses with high radon levels can be fixed.
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Indoor Radon.”
Termites, which play a positive role in recycling wood and plant material, become a problem
when they consume structural lumber. Every year thousands of U.S. housing units require termite treatment. These pests cause
serious damage to wooden structures and posts and can also attack stored food, household furniture, and books. Successful
termite management requires special skills, including a working knowledge of building construction and an understanding of
termite biology and identification. In most cases, it is advisable to hire a professional pest control company for any control
problem. Termites are included in the KAUFMANN CONSULTANTS
wood destroying insect inspection.
Wood-boring beetle larvae feed on wood and wood products. Adults of some species bore holes
into plaster, plastic, and soft metals. Many species cause problems when emerging from wood in newly constructed buildings
because they leave small circular or oval exit holes in the wood. To avoid these problems, infested wood must be kiln-fried
before being used for lumber. The species Deathwatch Beetles is primarily found in soft woods (girder, beams, foundation timbers,
some types of furniture, with some species attacking books). False Powderpost female beetles bore a tunnel, or egg gallery,
into wood or other materials, then deposit eggs in pores or cracks within the tunnel. Adults of some species bore through
such soft metal as lead and silver, as well as plaster and other non-wood materials. Affected structural wood should be removed
and replaced whenever possible.
Wood Wasps and Horntails. Wood wasp damage in buildings is likely to be more cosmetic than
structurally weakening. Emerging wood wasps can chew through any substance: wallboard or plaster walls, hardwood floors, carpeting,
linoleum, non-ceramic floor tiles, and other interior surfaces.
Carpenter Ants. Several species can damage wood in building
and other structures. Though ants don’t eat wood, they bore into it to make their nests, sometimes causing serious structural
damage. Also, they nest in hollow doors, cracks and crevices, furniture, wall voids, and termite galleries. New building infestation
occurs when land-cleaning in the area disturbs existing native colonies. KAUFMANN
CONSULTANTS includes an inspection for these ants as part of the wood destroying insect inspection.
Excerpts from University
of California Agriculture & Natural Resources, UCIPMOnline, “Statewide Pest Management Program.”